Tobago (February 18-21)

Trip Start Feb 02, 2010
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Trip End Feb 23, 2010


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Flag of Trinidad and Tobago  , Tobago,
Sunday, February 21, 2010

Tobago (pronounced /təˈbeɪɡoʊ/) is the smaller of the two main islands that make up the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. It is located in the southern Caribbean Sea, northeast of the island of Trinidad and southeast of Grenada. The island lies outside the hurricane belt.

At the time of European contact, Tobago was inhabited by Island Caribs. The first European visitors appear to have been English in 1580. According to the earliest English-language source cited in the Oxford English Dictionary, Tobago bore a name that has become the English word tobacco. The first settlers were Courlanders in 1654. It changed hands 33 times[3] between CourlandSpainEnglandFranceSweden, and the Dutch Republic until in 1814 it became part of the British Empire. In 1889 Tobago was united with Trinidad into a British crown colony. In 1962 they became an independent Commonwealth nation of Trinidad and Tobago, in 1976 a republic.[4]

 Tobago is also a popular diving location, since it is the most southerly of the Caribbean islands which have coral communities. Trinidad, which is further south, has no significant coral because of low salinity and high silt content, the result of its position close to the mouth of Venezuela's Orinoco RiverScuba diving on Tobago tends to be centred at Speyside, almost diametrically across the island from the airport.The island has some of the best diving sites in the Caribbean. There are three wrecks located around its shores, but the one usually considered the best is the Maverick Ferry, which used to travel between Trinidad and Tobago. The ferry is 350 feet long and has been sunk in 30 metres/100 feet just off Rocky Point, Mt. Irvine. The top of the wreck is at 15 metres/50 feet. The wreck has an abundance of marine life, including a 4-foot jewfish, a member of the grouper family. The wreck was purposely sunk for divers, and so all the doors and windows were removed.The waters around the island are home to many species of tropical fish, rayssharks, and turtles.
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