Trip Start Jan 28, 2008
83Trip End Sep 18, 2008
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Where I stayed
The next morning we were picked up for our tour. Last again, which has become a pattern for us. We jumped into the bus and siad "G´day" to everyone as we headed to the first stop
Underground cities are hidden under much of Cappadoccia. they were used over hundreds of years by whichever race or ideolological group occupied the land above. The "cities" werw used in times of invasion to hide the women, children and livestock while armies fought on the surface. The cities were occupied for only short periods, perhaps up to two months. Many of the cities are linked by tunnels kilometers long, but only a fraction of the cities have been explored or mapped since they have been rediscovered. The volcanic rock was soft and easy to carve into before ot oxidised and hardened when it came into contact with air. Each group to use the underground cities added something to the cities. They extended tunnels, build new rooms and adapted how the rooms were used. massive wheel-like stones were made to be rolled across some tunnels sealing them from the outside world. we visited a city that was at least eight storeys deep and included a school, church and wine making rooms.
In another pigeon house area we visited a church named after John the Bapist. It had been carved into or out of the rock. Again because of erosion it was now half way up the cliff
There were three non-historical stops too. One was for a buffet lunch in a warm restaurant. Warm was a big plus and the food was good too. The other two stops were for "workshop" tours of an onyx factory and a pottery factory. After brief explanations of how their products were made we were ushered into the showrooms. The time in the workshops was too short and of course the time in the showrooms too long. The onyx salesman didn't even deliver on his promise of apple tea. Very unTurkish!