The Red Fort

Trip Start Nov 06, 2010
1
4
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Trip End Mar 18, 2011


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Flag of India  ,
Wednesday, November 10, 2010

Our first stop in Delhi was the UNESCO World Heritage Site “The Red Fort.”  Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, started construction of the massive fort in 1638 and work was completed in 1648 (10 years). The Mughal’s were at the hight of their power during this time with control of between 110-115 million people and a territory over 1.2 million square miles (3.2 kilometers).

The Fort has all the obvious trappings, befitting a vital center of Mughal government: the Diwan-i-Amor the Hall of Public Audiences, where the Emperor would sit and hear complaints of the common folk. His alcove in the wall was marble-paneled (see photos), and was set with precious stones, many of which were looted, after the Mutiny of 1857. It also has many domed and arched marble palaces, plush private apartments, a mosque, and elaborately designed gardens.

The other attractions enclosed within this monument are the Royal Baths, the Shahi Burj, which used to be Shah Jahan's private working area, and the Pearl Mosque, built by Aurangzeb for his personal use. The 'Palace of Colors' housed the Emperor's wives and mistresses. This palace was crowned with gilded turrets, delicately painted and decorated with an intricate mosaics of mirrors, and a ceiling overlaid with gold and silver, that was wonderfully reflected in a central pool in the marble floor.

Even today, the fort remains an impressive testimony to Mughal grandeur, despite being attacked by the Persian Emperor Nadir Shah in 1739, and by the British soldiers, during the war of independence in 1857.

NOTE: I HAVE PLACED A SHORT SLIDE SHOW OF THE VISIT, PLUS THE PICTURES IN ORDER FOR YOU TO SEE THE DETAILS OF THE ITEMS.
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