Ancient city of Ephesus

Trip Start Jul 24, 2010
1
5
17
Trip End Aug 10, 2010


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Flag of Turkey  , Turkish Aegean Coast,
Wednesday, July 28, 2010

After 4 1/2 hours of "sleep" we woke up to go on a 13 1/2 hour tour to the ancient city of Ephesus. Ephesus was an ancient Greek city that was part of the 12 cities in the Ionian League.  In the Roman Empire it was the second largest city, and in the 1st century BC it had a population of over 250,000.


Ephesus is also famous for the Temple of Artemis (Diana), one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.  Today all that remains is just a column.  It was originally built in 550BC in Ephesus, Turkey.  The temple was paid for by King Croesus of Lydia.  In 356BC, a pyromaniac burned the temple down.  It was rebuilt and survived through the Roman period until it was destroyed, again, by the Goths.  The temple was built in honor of the Greek goddess Artemis.  She was the goddess of women and animals, and a protector of cities.  In 133BC, Ephesus was controlled by Roman rule and the statue of Artemis transformed into the Roman goddess Diana.


























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