The Desert Fortress sits 3,937 feet above terrain

Trip Start Jan 01, 2014
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Trip End Dec 31, 2014


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Where I stayed
MS Marina
What I did
Almost everything except Masada

Flag of Israel  ,
Friday, October 26, 2012

Map of Masada
 
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OCT 26: MASADA is "fortress" in Hebrew.  It sits on a plateau (1,800' x 900') that sits at the western end of the Judean Desert.  The only written source about this place is Joseph Flavius' "The Jewish War." According to Flavius, King Herod built the fortress between 37 and 31 BCE. After Herod's death in 66 CE, the Revolt of the Jews against the Romans overtook the garrison of Masada.   Zealots and their families from Jerusalem joined them, and harassed the Romans for two years.  In 73 CE, the Romans marched against Masada that included thousands of Jewish prisoners-of-war.  They constructed a rampart, and in the year 74 CE, they moved a battering ram and breached the wall of the fortress.  

Falvius recounts the tragic story told him by two surviving women, and led by Eleazar ben Ya'ir with about the thousand men, women and children decided to burn the fortress and end their own lives.

The heroic story about the courage and their dramatic end attracted many explorers to the Judean Desert in their attempts to locate the remains of the fortress.   The site was identified in 1842, but it took until 1963-65 with volunteers from Israel and from around the world who did intensive excavations. Masada symbolizes the determination of the Jewish people to be free in its own land.

 
 
 
 
 
   
 
 
 

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